Investments in Building Citywide Out-of-School-Time Systems: A Six-City Study Synopsis

Children and Youth, Education and Literacy

Investments in Building Citywide Out-of-School-Time Systems: A Six-City Study Synopsis

This report is the last in a series funded by The Wallace Foundation and developed by P/PV and The Finance Project to document the costs of out-of-school-time (OST) programs and the city-level systems that support them. The report examines the development of OST systems in six cities across the country and summarizes the strategies and activities commonly pursued, their associated investments and options for financing such system-building efforts. These findings can provide OST stakeholders with critical information to help guide their investments in system planning, start-up and ongoing operations.

The report serves as a companion to two previous resources: The Cost of Quality Out-of-School-Time Programs, which provides information on both the average out-of-pocket expenditures and the average full cost of a wide range of quality OST programs; and an online cost calculator that enables users to generate tailored cost estimates for many different types of OST programs.

Geographic Focus: North America-United States (Midwestern)-Illinois-Cook County-Chicago, North America-United States (Northeastern)-Massachusetts-Suffolk County-Boston, North America-United States (Southern)-North Carolina-Mecklenburg County-Charlotte, North America-United States (Western)-Colorado-Denver County-Denver, North America-United States (Mountain States), North America-United States (Pacific Northwest), North America-United States (Western)-Washington, North America-United States (Western)-Washington-King County-Seattle, North America-United States (Northeastern)-New York-New York County-New York City, North America-United States (Western)-Colorado

Who's Making It: The Academic Achievement of Recent Boston Public School Graduates in the Early College Years

Education and Literacy

Who's Making It: The Academic Achievement of Recent Boston Public School Graduates in the Early College Years

Examines the persistence, progress, and performance of Boston public school graduates in the first two years of college; contributing factors, including academic preparation, colleges' selectivity, and full-time or part-time attendance; and implications.

Geographic Focus: North America-United States (Northeastern)-Massachusetts-Suffolk County-Boston;North America-United States (Northeastern)-Massachusetts

Time for Teachers: Leveraging Expanded Time to Strengthen Instruction and Empower Teachers

Education and Literacy

Time for Teachers: Leveraging Expanded Time to Strengthen Instruction and Empower Teachers

This report looks deeply inside 17 schools that stand at the vanguard of the current revolution in teaching. It reveals the substantive ways in which these schools are providing their teachers with more time to reflect on, develop, and hone their craft, by very explicitly leveraging an expanded-time school schedule and calendar. These schools' expanded time (on average, they are in session almost 300 hours more per year than the national norm of 1,170 hours) affords not only more hours and days focused on classroom instruction, but also a full array of professional learning opportunities.

Geographic Focus: North America-United States (Midwestern)-Illinois-Cook County-Chicago, North America-United States (Midwestern)-Ohio-Cuyahoga County-Cleveland, North America-United States (Northeastern)-Connecticut-New Haven County-New Haven, North America-United States (Northeastern)-Massachusetts, North America-United States (Northeastern)-New Jersey-Union County-Elizabeth, North America-United States (Northeastern)-New York-Kings County-New York City (Brooklyn), North America-United States (Northeastern)-Pennsylvania-Philadelphia County-Philadelphia, North America-United States (Southern)-Louisiana-Orleans Parish-New Orleans, North America-United States (Southern)-Tennessee-Shelby County-Memphis, North America-United States (Southwestern)-Arizona-Maricopa County-Phoenix, North America-United States (Southwestern)-Texas-Harris County-Houston, North America-United States (Western)-California-San Diego County, North America-United States (Western)-Colorado-Denver County-Denver

Toward Closing the Achievement Gap: A One-Year Progress Report on Education Reform in Massachusetts

Education and Literacy, Nonprofits and Philanthropy

Toward Closing the Achievement Gap: A One-Year Progress Report on Education Reform in Massachusetts

Highlights early outcomes of school reform efforts launched under a new state law with support from the Race to the Top program, including progress in turnaround schools, charter schools, and innovation schools. Outlines challenges and recommendations.

Geographic Focus: North America-United States (Northeastern)-Massachusetts, Africa (Eastern)-Kenya

Uncommon Schools: Turning Urban Schools Into Springboards to College

Education and Literacy;Race and Ethnicity

Uncommon Schools: Turning Urban Schools Into Springboards to College

This report illustrates the successful college preparatory practices of Uncommon Schools, a network of 38 public charter schools in New York, New Jersey and Massachusettsthat serves nearly 10,000 low-income students and students of color. During the 2013 Broad Prize for Public Charter Schools review process, a panel of national education experts chose Uncommon Schools as the best among the nation's 27 largest urban charter management organizations in closing achievement gaps, graduating its students and preparing them for college. The policies and practices highlighted in this report were drawn from a week-long site visit to Uncommon Schools conducted by RMC Research Corporation in November 2013 and a review of Uncommon's quantitative student achievement data from 2008-09 through 2011-2012.

Geographic Focus: North America-United States (Northeastern)-New York;North America-United States (Northeastern)-New Jersey;North America-United States (Northeastern)-Massachusetts

Massachusetts' Forgotten Middle Skills Jobs: Meeting the Demands of a 21st-Century Economy

Education and Literacy;Employment and Labor;Human Services

Massachusetts' Forgotten Middle Skills Jobs: Meeting the Demands of a 21st-Century Economy

Calls on the state to invest in training workers for jobs requiring more than a high school diploma but not a four-year degree by guaranteeing access to two years of postsecondary education. Highlights best practices in education and training programs.

Geographic Focus: North America-United States (Northeastern)-Massachusetts

Act Out, Get Out? Considering the Impact of School Discipline Practices in Massachusetts

Children and Youth, Education and Literacy

Act Out, Get Out? Considering the Impact of School Discipline Practices in Massachusetts

Recently, testimony from three public hearings in Massachusetts suggested that excessive disciplinary action for non-violent offenses, such as tardiness and truancy, exacerbates the dropout crisis. Testimony indicated that students already behind in school are often forced to miss additional days through suspensions, which leads to a loss of credits and an inability to catch up. Some parents, educators, education stakeholders, and coalitions, including the Massachusetts Graduation and Dropout Prevention and Recovery Commission, have called for a closer look at school discipline policies and practice. Many observers have come to believe that fully understanding the role of discipline is an essential step in tackling the problem of why some Massachusetts students are not staying in school. It is within this context that the Rennie Center for Education Research & Policy embarked upon its examination of school discipline in Massachusetts.

Act Out, Get Out? Considering the Impact of School Discipline Practices in Massachusetts reviews why discipline policies are necessary, laws governing these policies, and national research on the effects of disciplinary removal. The brief then describes overall trends in the disciplinary removal (suspensions and expulsions) of Massachusetts public school students over time (school year 2005-2006 through 2008-2009) and findings from a more in-depth analysis of discipline data from the 2007-2008 school year. Key findings from data about the 2007-2008 school year include: 1. For the most serious infractions, those involving illegal substances, violence and criminal activities the most common reason for disciplinary removal is violence; 2. Out-of-school suspension is the most frequently used form of disciplinary removal; 3. The number of disciplinary removals peaks at 9th grade and declines in 10th through 12th grade; 4. Particular segments (low-income, special education, male, black, Hispanic) of the student population are removed at disproportionately high rates.

This policy brief highlights essential questions that need to be answered in order to fully understand how discipline policies are being carried out and to tease out the relationship between disciplinary removal, the achievement gap, and dropping out of public schools in Massachusetts. The final section of the brief puts forth considerations for policymakers and K-12 school and district leaders. The brief suggests there is a need for more detailed and complete record keeping of school discipline data as well as for more schools and districts to implement school-wide preventative approaches and alternative education programs for students who have been removed. The brief also questions the extent to which of out-of-school suspensions are used for non-violent, non-criminal offenses, particularly those for Pre-Kindergarten and Elementary School aged students.

The brief was the subject of discussion at a public event on May 26, 2010.

Geographic Focus: North America-United States (Northeastern)-Massachusetts

Districts Developing Leaders: Lessons on Consumer Actions and Program Approaches From Eight Urban Districts

Education and Literacy

Districts Developing Leaders: Lessons on Consumer Actions and Program Approaches From Eight Urban Districts

Profiles eight Wallace-supported approaches to preparing future principals to succeed in improving troubled city schools, including establishing clear expectations so that university preparation programs can craft training accordingly.

Geographic Focus: North America-United States (Northeastern)-Massachusetts-Suffolk County-Boston;North America-United States (Midwestern)-Illinois-Cook County-Chicago;North America-United States (Midwestern)-Indiana-Allen County-Fort Wayne;North America-United States (Southern)-Kentucky-Jefferson County;North America-United States (Northeastern)-Rhode Island-Providence County-Providence;North America-United States (Midwestern)-Illinois-Sangamon County-Springfield;North America-United States (Northeastern)-Massachusetts-Hampden County-Springfield;North America-United States (Midwestern)-Missouri-St. Louis County-St. Louis

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